Clary Sage - Salvia Officinalis
Technical name is Salvia Sclarea, it yields a colourless or pale yellowish green oil by steam distillation. It has a sweet, fresh and clean, scent. With warm herblike nutty, balsamic undertone. Clary Sage is native to Southern France, Italy, Syria. Now it is worldwide, Mediterranean, Central Europe, England, Morocco, Russia and the United States. The best clary sage oils come from England, France and Morocco.
It blooms from May to September, spirally pale blue, purple or pink flowers on top of each spike. The heart shaped green leaves have soft and fuzzy crinkled surfaces and surround the flowers. Clary Sage is biennial and perennial. It's a member of the Lamiaceae family and grows to 3 to 5 feet tall.
It promotes healthy skin cell growth, helps ward off wrinkles and gives skin a healthy, youthful look. It helps control oily skin and hair. It helps control acne and seborrhoea. It also helps control dandruff, dry skin and hair. If used as a scalp massage, it can encourage hair growth and lessen hair loss.
Golden Sage - Salvia Officinalis Aurea
This is an ideal plant for contrasting color in a home garden or landscape. leaves of sage have a sharp, peppery taste and can be used to flavor sausage, soups, dressings, cheese dishes and stuffing. It will also make a delicious tea. Young golden sage leaves can be eaten fresh in salads, as well as be cooked in omelets, breads, poultry stuffing and all types of beans, cabbage and garlic.
Sage should be planted in spring in a well drained garden soil. This neat, shrubby plant is a wonderful source of vitamins A and C. '6 - 10' Full Sun Garden Home Family Annuals Herbs. Salvia Officinalis Aurea
Pineapple Sage - Salvia Elegans
This is a semi woody shrub, mostly herbaceous plant will grow to three to five feet in height, and have an open branched, airy habit. Like most other mints, Pineapple Sage has stems with a square shaped cross section. When foliage is bruised, it smells like fresh pineapple. Pineapple sage should be used in center of beds and borders. Its open, airy structure will not hide other plants.
Fragrant leaves should be crushed into either hot or iced tea for a delicious treat. The flowers are delicious and can be used to add both color and flavor to salads and desserts. Pineapple sages will make stunning centerpieces as well as great border plants. '8 - 10' Full Sun Garden Home Family Annuals Herbs Salvia Elegans.
Salvia Leucantha Velvet Sage
Size: 3 to 4 feet tall and wide. Velvet sage is a shrubby sage with woolly stems and leaves and 10-foot spires of white flowers with purple calyces from midsummer through frost. Salvia leucantha 'Midnight' has red-violet flowers and purple calyces. Salvia leucantha 'Santa Barbara' is a compact selection, 2 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. Salvia leucantha 'Anthony Parker' is a hybrid with purple-blue flowers on open plants.
Salvia Nemorosa Garden Sage
Size: 1.5 to 3.5 feet tall and wide. Garden sage is a lovely sage smothered in stiff spikes of violet blue flowers for 3 to 4 weeks in early to midsummer. Triangular leaves are soft, hairy, and bright green. Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna' is tall (2.5 feet) with open spikes of blue-violet flowrs all summer. Salvia nemorosa 'Lubecca' has blue-violet flowers on tall, open spikes. Salvia nemorosa 'Marcus' is a true dwarf to 8 inches with blue-violet flowrs. Salvia nemorosa 'Ostfriesland' ('East Friesland') has deep purple flowers on compact stems 1 to 1.5 feet tall.
Salvia cultivars are sometimes listed under the similar Salvia xsylvestris. The following selections belong here. Salvia nemorosa 'Blaukonigin' ('Blue Queen') has violet flowers and is 1.5 to 2 feet tall. Salvia nemorosa 'Mainacht' ('May Night') has purple flowers and red-violet calyxes. Salvia nemorosa 'Rosenkonigin' ('Rose Queen') has rose-pink flowers. Salvia nemorosa Schneehuegal: ('Snow Hill') has white flowers. Salvia nemorosa 'Viola Klose' has dark blue flowers.
Salvia nemorosa (violet sage) forms an open mound of narrow, rough leaves bearing upright, narrow spikes of tiny, tubular, violet-purple flowers. Most plants listed as Salvia nemorosa are actually cultivars or hybrids. The cultivars are similar to the species, but they vary in flower color and are more compact, with denser, more rounded mounds of foliage. The bloom in early summer to midsummer, with repeat bloom into fall if deadheaded regularly. Violet sage can be tender in areas with wet winters.
Salvia officinalis Culinary Sage
Size: 1.5 to 2 feet tall, 2 to 3 feet wide. Ornamental and culinary, a semiwoody shrub with woolly, oblong leaves and somewhat insignificant blue-violet flowers. Many handsome leaf colors with compact form are available. Salvia officinalis Berggarten: has broad oval leaves and is quite showy with blue-violet flowers. Salvia officinalis Compacta: is a compact grower to 15 inches with smaller leaves. Salvia officinalis 'Icterina' has gold-and-green variegated foliage. Salvia officinalis 'Purpurescens&' has gray-violet leaves. Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor' has pink, green, and white leaves.
Salvia Pratensis Meadow Sage
Size: 1 to 3 feet tall, 2 to 3 feet wide. Meadow Sage is a slender sage with bushy rosettes of oval leaves and tall, branching stems tipped with showy violet-blue flowers. Excellent cultivars are available. Salvia pratensis 'Haematodes' has showy blue-violet flowers. Salvia pratensis 'Rosea' has rose-purple flowers. Salvia verticillata, whorled sage, is a sprawling species with blue flowrs atop lax spikes. Salvia pratensis 'Purple Rain' is smoky purple. Salvia pratensis 'White Rain' is white flowered and has a more complact form, to 2 feet tall, and 3 feet wide.